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About Karamay

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The city of Karamay is located in the northern part of China's Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region. The name is derived from the Uygur words for "black oil", and the area provided the first large oilfield for the new People's Republic of China, in 1949. Its crude oil output exceeded 10 million tons in 2002, the first to achieve such results in western China.

About Karamay
The planning graph of Karamay city

One of China's largest oilfields, named for the city, was discovered there on Oct 29, 1955, and the city has grown into one of China's key oil and gas bases. In 2008, Xinjiang developed its first digital management system for oil and gas. Karamay has three ultra-large State-owned petroleum and petrochemical enterprises, including Karamay Petrochemical, and six major oil- and two large gas fields in operation. It is also the home of five large Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps farms.

Its modern oil industry has well-developed production bases for exploration, drilling, refining, research, transportation, power generation, manufacturing, and support services such as medical and health care, culture, sports, and commerce.

In another area, the city maintains its environment and society, for which it has received many awards in recent years, and joined the national "Civilized city" list in 2011. In 2012, it became one of China's 200 "cities with special charm".